Canada is a federation, with a central federal capacity which is exclusive competent as regards national defence, foreign relations and monetary policy. The central government divides with the ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Prince Edward’s Islands, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland), the Territories of the North-West, Nunavut and Yukon its competences as regards health, education, economy, etc. In certain cases, the provinces are exclusive or mixed competent in the fields of the civil laws, taxes, etc. The official languages of Canada are English and French. In all the provinces, the language of use is English, except in Quebec where it is French. The Head of the State of Canada is the Queen of England (represented in Canada by the General Governor) and the Chief of the Government is the Prime Minister of Canada. The Canadian parliamentary system is founded on the parliamentary representation of British type. The Government is responsible before the Parliament which holds sovereignty.
To immigrate in a new country is not an easy decision and it is essential to think of it lengthily and to weigh up all the consequences. This implies that one examines all the aspects of the problem: economic, cultural, family, human, etc. When one has children, it is useful to think of their education and their future. It is never easy to start again a new life that requires sacrifices, will, obstinacy and a very great will of adaptation. Canada, where Quebec is the single French-speaking province, is a country where all is possible for those who want to push their limits even further.
Canada is an immense country of 9.975.000 km2 and account approximately 30 million inhabitants. The distances are long between Montreal ( Quebec) and Vancouver ( British Columbia). However, transport is very developed: bus, railroads and air line.
The climate is very cold in winter (being able to reach - 35°C) and very hot and wet in summer (with highs of + 35°C). In winter, it snows in Canada (from November to April) and the months most cold are January and February while the hottest months are July and August.
It is important to be able to adapt to the Canadian climate if one wishes to immigrate to Canada. This is of primary importance.
In addition, the way of life, mentality and the attitudes Canadian are different and it is important to know them, to include/understand them and to respect them so as to build a climate of reciprocal user-friendliness and harmony. For example, the Canadians attach much importance to the individual life and the respect of the individual, like the complete equality between the woman and the man.
Canadians, in their relation with others, are naturally open and sociable.